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Europe Takes Measures to Mitigate the Energy Crisis

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While France made a one-time payment of 100 euros to low income earners, the German taxpayer provided 300 euros to each employee and reduced taxes on fuel. Spain reduced the VAT on energy bills, the UK provided an energy discount of 400 pounds, Italy gave 200 euros to employees.

European countries continue to take various measures such as bill support, direct payment, subsidies and tax reductions to alleviate the energy crisis experienced with the Russia-Ukraine war.

While the Russia-Ukraine war has had a negative impact on the global economy, the world’s leading economic institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank are warning that economic growth will slow down due to the war and inflation will increase with high energy and food prices.

Increases in the cost of energy in Europe are disproportionately affecting low-income people and exacerbating inequality. Annual inflation in the Eurozone reached 8.6 percent, driven by the huge increase in food and energy costs fueled by the war. According to the report of the EU Commission, in the first quarter of this year, wholesale electricity prices increased by 411 percent in Spain and Portugal, 343 percent in Greece, 336 percent in France and 318 percent in Italy compared to the same quarter of the previous year.

Europe’s benchmark electricity price exceeded 700 euros per megawatt hour for the first time in Germany in August. Thus, the price of electricity delivered by 2023 reached 14 times the seasonal average of the last 5 years. Rising inflation and energy prices have led European countries to support low-income citizens in distress.

While governments in Europe started campaigns to motivate the public to save energy in the face of the energy crisis, they also announced various measures, from tax cuts to cash payments, to alleviate the crisis.

FRANCE

EDF Group, France’s main energy provider, chose not to pass on the high energy prices to consumers by making a loss. In the country, a reduction of 18 euros per liter of fuel was made by the state. A one-time payment of 100 euros was provided to low-income households to help with rising energy costs.

In the country, a 20 billion-euro aid package was approved by parliament at the beginning of August to help households struggling with rising energy and food prices. The aid package also included an increase in pensions and some social assistance payments by 4 percent, and the reduction of the state-funded 18 cents per liter of fuel to 30 cents in September and October.

In addition, companies were given the opportunity to give their employees a tax-free bonus of up to 6,000 euros per year.

GERMANY

In Germany, which has very close energy ties with pre-war Russia and is dependent on Russian resources for energy, record prices in the field of food and fuel put households whose incomes are falling in the face of inflation in a difficult situation.

The government has prepared two aid packages worth 30 billion euros this year to help its citizens in the face of rising energy prices. In order to reduce the reflection of rising energy prices on citizens, it was decided to pay 300 euros to each taxpayer employee once. The fuel tax was reduced by 30 cents per liter on gasoline and 14 cents on diesel.

In order to promote the use of public transport and make it cheaper for everyone, a one-time ticket for 90 days on train, bus and metro was allowed to be sold for 9 euros per month.

SPAIN

Spain lowered the VAT on energy bills from 21 percent to 10 percent, while reducing the tax on electricity from 7 percent to 0.5 percent. The Spanish government has helped ease the burden of high costs for consumers by imposing an unexpected tax on energy companies. To deal with the cost of living crisis in the country, it has been decided that some short and medium distance train journeys will be free from 1 September until the end of the year.

IRELAND

Public transport fares in Ireland have been reduced by 20 percent by the end of the year to help with rising transport costs. To help households and companies fuel costs, it lowered the fuel tax by 20 cents per liter for gasoline and 15 cents per liter for diesel. The Irish government has lowered VAT on gas and electricity by between 9 percent and 13.5 percent.

HOLLAND

To help with rising inflation, the government announced a one-off energy incentive of 800 euros to low-income households. It also reduced VAT on energy from 21 percent to 9 percent. A 21 percent discount was provided in the fuel tax.

ENGLAND

The British government has announced a £400 energy rebate for low-income households with automatic payments to energy providers in response to the energy crisis. Among households receiving state aid, it was decided to make a one-off ‘cost of living’ payment of £650 in addition to the £400 reduction. Pensioners were also provided with the opportunity to pay an additional 300 euros.

ITALY

Italy has announced a 14 billion euro fuel incentive and investment plan to keep energy bills under control. It was decided to pay 200 euros to employees with an income of less than 35,000 euros per year.

Energy-intensive companies were promised a 20 percent tax reduction. The Italian government has prepared a plan to tax companies that profit from high energy prices at a high rate.

BELGIUM

With the start of the war, energy prices, especially electricity and natural gas, rose rapidly in Belgium. While inflation in the country reached its peak in the last 40 years, energy products made the biggest contribution to the increase in inflation, which reached up to 10 percent. The price increase in energy in the country in July reached 49.11 percent. In Belgium, electricity prices increased by 44.7 percent, natural gas prices increased by 97 percent and heating oil prices increased by 68.9 percent in July compared to a year ago.

Along with the war, fuel prices such as gasoline and diesel also peaked in the country. The government decided to reduce taxes on natural gas, gasoline and diesel in response to rising energy bills in March. VAT on natural gas and electricity was reduced from 21 percent to 6 percent. A check for 225 euros was sent to those who heat their homes with heating oil. A check for 100 euros was issued to subscribers to contribute to electricity bills, while taxes on gasoline and diesel were reduced. The liter price of the aforementioned fuels was reduced by 17.5 cents on average.(aa,c)

Berry moved to the Netherlands for her art studies. She is living in Amsterdam for 16 years. You can see her in Amsterdam streets with her fancy pink bike. She is a professional photographer and blog journal lover.

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Population growth due to immigration in the Netherlands is alarming

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Housing Minister Hugo de Jonge told Nederlands Dagblad that the current increase in the Dutch population is unsustainable; He said that this increase will increase the pressure on the housing and have the potential to disturb the social peace.

Emphasizing that the population growth of around 100,000 per year, which is largely “immigration”, should be significantly reduced, De Jonge said, “Migration will always happen and there is a need for it to some extent, but it is also a fact that the current migration-induced population growth has reached unsustainable levels.” said.

According to figures from the national statistical agency CBS, the population of the Netherlands has increased by one million over the past 10 years to 17.7 million.

A total of 208,000 foreign nationals moved to the Netherlands last year, after a year when the immigration rate fell sharply due to pandemic restrictions. The largest group, 117,500 people, came from other EU countries or EFTA, while the number of Dutch citizens returning from abroad was 44,500.

The current coalition government, made up of the right-wing VVD and CDA, Liberal Democrats D66 and the small Christian party ChristenUnie, has begun to work harder to set immigration targets and fundamentally overhaul its asylum policy. De Jonge, in particular, underlined that they have to be more controlled and selective in determining which sectors have a shortage of workers.

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The number of electric cars in the Netherlands has tripled since 2020

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Automotive industry groups report that the number of electric cars registered in the Netherlands has nearly tripled in two and a half years.

It was shared that there are more than 300,000 electric passenger cars registered across the country. This figure was below 108,000 at the beginning of 2020.

About 20 percent of all electric cars on Dutch roads were produced by Tesla, with the Model 3 being the most popular. The second most popular brand was Volkswagen with 12.5 percent of the number of electric cars available on the roads, followed by Kia with just over 9 percent.

So, what brand of vehicles do those who have bought or will buy electric cars among our followers use? We are waiting your comments.

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Schiphol will offer security guards a new salary to end the chaos at the airport

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Schiphol will offer security guards a new salary to end the chaos at the airport

Robert Carsouw, chief financial officer of Schiphol Airport, said that after the final salary negotiations, they plan to make a new offer to the security guards within two weeks.

Carsouw stated that there will be no improvement in the chaotic long queues at the airport in a short time. Schiphol will also take action to improve working conditions to make airport security jobs more attractive.

Airport management has started discussions with the ministry and security companies to find out what is needed to attract more security guards. At this point, in addition to salaries, two more criticisms emerged: Carsouw stated that the security guards had difficulties in scheduling working hours, especially due to irregular shifts, and that they needed a place to rest during breaks, and that the airport started working on both issues.

The FNV labor union had previously reported that security guards were looking for work elsewhere after the temporary summer bonus disappeared in September. Joost van Doesburg, FNV’s Schiphol campaign manager, said many security guards wanted to leave the airport because of this.

Schiphol Airport last week called on airlines to cancel their flights to contain the crowds in the departure lounges. Following the recent cancellations, Schiphol offered the airlines 350 euros in compensation per canceled passenger.

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