Every tulip season in the Netherlands, many tourists flock to the country to visit the Keukenhof Flower Gardens and be mesmerized by the thousands of flowers, bulbs and tulip gardens on display.
How did the tulip become a symbol for the Netherlands?
It would not be wrong to say that the tulip is almost the symbol of the Netherlands. Before we look at the history of the Netherlands’ relationship with tulips, let’s learn a little about tulips together:
The tulip is a cup-shaped and incredibly symmetrical flower of the lily family, spring blooming bulbous and often vibrantly colored. It is thought that the name ”tulip” (tulip) is derived from a Persian word meaning turban, considering its shape similar to turban. Although tulips are very popular in the Netherlands, the homeland of the tulip is not actually the Netherlands. The Tien Shan mountain range in Central Asia is known as the place where the tulip first appeared. It is known that tulip cultivation was first practiced by gardeners in the Ottoman Empire for many years, long before they came to the Netherlands.
It is not known who first brought the tulip to northwest Europe, but the most widely accepted story is that starring Oghier Ghislain de Busbecq, the ambassador between Emperor Ferdinand I and Suleiman the Magnificent. A Flemish botanist named Carolus Clusius is made director of Hortus Botanicus in Leiden and is hired by Leiden University to research medicinal plants. Ambassador Ogier Ghiselain is also a friend of Busbecq Carolus and sends him to grow some of the beautiful tulip flowers Sultan Suleiman saw in the palace gardens in his garden in Leiden. This marked the beginning of tulip cultivation in the Netherlands.
Tulips are still very popular in the Netherlands and there are even many festivals for tulips. Keukenhof is still the most popular tulip center in the Netherlands, as millions come to see the gardens in Lisse each spring. During the first half of April, more than 850,000 tulips are seen all over Amsterdam.
A few interesting facts about tulips
Striped tulips, very popular in the 17th century, got their color from a virus. Discovered in 1931, this virus was found to be transmitted by aphids. Today, multicolored tulips are artificially bred to look this way.
n 1943, Dutch Princess Margriet was born in Canada’s Ottawa Civic Hospital as the royal family fled the Netherlands during the war in Europe. In order for him to receive Dutch citizenship through his mother, Princess Juliana, the maternity ward where he was born had to be declared an international territory. The Dutch royal family sends 10,000 onions to Ottawa each year for the tulip festival as a token of gratitude.
Since 1986, the Netherlands has been sending flowers to St. Peter’s Basilica every Easter. This is Pope II. It is a tradition that began after John Paul’s visit to the country in 1985, and since then the Vatican has relinquished responsibility for the Easter flower exhibition to the Netherlands.
During the tulip craze in the 1600s, tulips were said to cost 10 times more than the average salary of a Dutch worker, making them more valuable than many homes.
The Netherlands is the world’s largest commercial tulip producer, with an annual export of approximately three billion tulips.
So, are tulip leaves edible?
The answer is yes. In 1944, World War II. During the Dutch famine of World War II, people often had to eat sugar beets and tulips.
World’s first vagina museum reported to close
It has been announced that the world’s first vagina museum, which offers vagina-themed exhibits to its visitors, will close.
The world’s first vagina museum in England will reportedly close tomorrow after its owner was asked to leave the building.
It was noted that the museum, which was opened 10 months ago, hosted more than 40 thousand people who came to learn about “gynecological anatomy” and look at the vagina-themed exhibits.
Museum managers, who were notified to vacate the building “soon” due to property tutelage, said they were “disappointed”.
Zoe Williams, Director of Museum Development and Marketing, said, “However, this is not the end for the world’s first brick and mortar museum dedicated to gynecological anatomy. This is definitely not the last place you will see the Vagina Museum in the physical world. We’ve had a few more months with a host to secure our future. “We are looking for a permanent settlement. This setback has made our search more urgent, but we are confident we will find the right home for us in the future.”
British scholars: Mysterious painting may belong to Rafael
British academics announced that they were examining a painting called Brecy Tondo by an unknown artist and a work by Rafael, and that Tondo could most likely belong to Rafael. Artificial intelligence facial recognition technology was used in the review.
Academics from the UK-based University of Nottingham and Bradford compared the two faces in the painting Brecy Tondo with the faces in Rafael’s Sistine Madonna with artificial intelligence face recognition technology.
Announcing the results of the examination in a press release yesterday, the academics emphasized that the faces in the two works are the same and said, “This means that it is highly likely that the two paintings were made by the same artist.”
“The features of the painting are thought to be typical of Renaissance work and therefore very unlikely to be a later copy,” said the academics, who also performed pigment analysis on Brecy Tondo.
BETTER THAN THE HUMAN EYES
The press release states that the artificial intelligence facial recognition technology was developed by Professor Hassan Ugail from the University of Bradford, “(Face recognition technology) uses what is called a deep neural network (DNN) to pass data through multiple filters. “DNNs can identify patterns in images and video with much higher accuracy than the human eye.”
While the similarity between the faces of the Madonnas in the two paintings was 97 percent, the comparison of the faces of the babies gave a result of 86 percent. Academics stressed that similarities over 75 percent are “considered the same”.
WHO IS RAFAEL?
Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520) is known as Raphael for short, master painter and architect of the Renaissance. Rafael, who is famous for his Madonna depictions, has many works in the Vatican. Raphael, along with Michelangelo and Loenardo da Vinci, are called the ‘Grand Masters’ of the period.
Leiden University in the Netherlands, the painting that has been the subject of debate for years has been taken down from the wall
The painting of six men smoking cigars at the Netherlands-based Leiden University has been the subject of controversy for years, with some finding it offensive because it depicts the manager. The painting was suddenly taken off the wall in November, sparking further controversy.
University officials hung the painting in its place and found the solution to establish a committee to decide whether the painting should remain on the wall.
Painter Rein Dool’s 1977 oil painting depicting six male university administrators smoking cigars has been the subject of debate for years as it promotes ‘both patriarchy and smoking’. During this time, the painting was suddenly taken down from the wall and its face was turned to the wall. This action was applauded by some and criticized by others. Former Foreign Minister Uri Rosenthal criticized the painting’s download with the words “This shame, this stupidity, this obsession of so-called intellectual professors”.
‘THEY ARE VALUABLE FORMER DIRECTORS OF OUR UNIVERSITY’
Hanging the painting in place, the authorities described the action as “spontaneous” and announced that a committee would be formed on November 15. “We view the action (download chart) as the start of a discussion on the topic, but we’re pausing it for now. We will hang the painting on the wall again for now.” In the university statement, they took ownership of the painting and said, “They are very valuable former administrators of our university and the Painting is a unique, historical depiction of the period. It is an impressive piece of art and we are proud of the past rulers depicted in the painting. Action does not change that.”
Leiden University officials announced the establishment of the Committee on 19 December. “The committee will also consider what to do with Dool’s painting, where and how best to display it,” the statement said. It was stated that the committee will work not only on this painting by Rein Doll, but also on the university’s exhibition policy.
French writer Bourdin dies
French author Bourdin, whose books have sold more than 15 million copies worldwide, entered the “Best Sellers” list, has died at the age of 70.
French writer Françoise Bourdin, whose book D’eau et de feu was translated into Turkish with the title ‘Water and Fire’, died at the age of 70.
The news of Bourdin’s death was announced by his publisher ‘Editis’.
“My deepest condolences to Françoise Bourdin’s family and millions of loyal readers,” the publisher said in a statement on Bourdin’s death, AFP reported.
Bourdin, who wrote four novels in one year, was on the ‘Most Read’ list, selling more than 15 million copies.
Banksy’s £1m work could be demolished
It turned out that the £1 million Brexit painting that Banksy painted on the wall of a building in France, which surprised him by disappearing overnight, could be demolished as part of the municipality’s plans to develop the site.
According to collector John Brandler, the overpainted painting can be salvaged and re-exhibited.
Banksy’s Brexit painting appeared overnight on the wall of a building near the Dover Ferry Terminal in Dover, France, in May 2017. Pictured is a construction worker smashing a star on the EU flag with a chisel in his hand.
But the famous painting disappeared overnight. In August 2019 the building was mysteriously painted. And it was bought by the Dover District Council last September.
It turned out that Banksy’s £1 million (approximately 22.5 million lira) artwork could be demolished as part of the municipality’s plans to develop the site.
Collector John Brandler, who owns several Banksy works, thinks that the work is still under the mural, and wants to save it and display it.
Although he doesn’t live or work in Dover, Brandler said he wants to make the town the sixth street art museum in the world.
“Getting rid of that mural would be like trashing the Mona Lisa, selling the Eiffel Tower for scrap; “There are five street art museums in the world, and I want to create a sixth. Now the building is owned by the council, and I think they want to redevelop it. I can save it. I can make it a community asset by putting it next to the other Banksys. I want people to see it here.” You have this incredible asset that he will flock to.”
The disappearance of the painting was described as “cultural vandalism” and “catastrophic”, with some suggesting that it may have been removed “by order from above”, implying politicians who advocated Britain’s departure from the EU.
Google Doodle: Judith Leyster
The works of Judith Leyster, one of the rare female painters who lived in the ‘Golden Age’ of the Netherlands in the 17th century and whose works have survived, were forgotten for a long time or were accepted as the works of Franz Hals.
Judith Leyster was born on 28 July 1609 in Haarlem and died on 10 February 1660.
Judith Leyster, the highly successful Dutch female painter of the “Golden Age”, did not come from an artistic environment: her father was a fabric manufacturer and owner of the brewery and pub “Leyster” in Haarlem.
His great talent was evident in childhood; Through his father’s pub, he had contact with many artists and his talents were discovered. In 1625, his father had to file for bankruptcy. It is not without reason that some biographers see the impoverishment of the family as a wonderful opportunity for vocational training for all children, because otherwise particularly well-off families prepare their daughters to marry a wealthy person. Just two years later, Leyster was mentioned as a painter in a promotion of the city of Haarlem. In 1629 he began signing works under his own name: with the interlocking initials JL and an attached star. In 1633 St. She became the first woman to be accepted into the Lukas painting guild. She showcased her talents with lots of different brushes. She had her own workshop and at least three students. She was making a living independently. She married the painter Jan Miense Molenaer in 1636. She sought reassurance, met with restlessness. The couple had to change residence frequently and urgently, as his wife’s debts led to disputes with creditors. Since he had to help his wife financially, his post-marriage autographs were not very common. She soon gave birth to the first of a total of five children, only two of whom reached adulthood. In 1659, he had his will written by court order to prevent the sale of the property and to protect his children. She died on February 10, 1660.
Leyster’s works were long forgotten or accepted as the works of Franz Hals. In 1893, the Louvre Museum found that a painting by Franz Hals belonged to Judith Leyster, enabling the artist’s work to be investigated.
Reuters selected the most memorable photos of 2022
Reuters selected the most memorable photos of 2022. British news agency Reuters published the photographs that marked the year 2022. The agency has selected the memorable photos throughout the year.
As we prepare to leave 2022 behind, the British news agency Reuters brought together the moments that left a mark this year in a gallery. Images from events that marked this year, such as Russia’s attack on Ukraine and the death of Queen Elizabeth, were featured in Reuters’ gallery.
THE MOMENTS THAT MADE THE YEAR 2022
Undoubtedly, one of the most talked about events of 2022 was Russia’s attack on Ukraine. Frames and news from the war zone made headlines in the world press.
Reuters selected the most memorable photos of 2022
A woman carrying her cat walks past buildings destroyed by Russian bombardment in Borodyanka during the Russian invasion of Ukraine. (April 5, 2022)
Ukrainian soldiers in the Kharkiv Region, Ukraine, while trying to resist Russia…
During the Russian occupation of Ukraine, the injured in a rocket attack in a hospital being treated… (1 April 2022)
People flee to hide from the attack of Russian troops on the town of Irpin in Ukraine.
Irina Filkina, 52, was killed on the way home by bike when Bucha Dan could not get on an evacuation bus leaving because there was no room.
A woman walks in a chest-deep flood after super typhoon Noru in San Ildefonso, Bulacan province, Philippines.
Reuters selected the most memorable photos of 2022
People search for debris on the beach in Mananjary, Madagascar, following Hurricane Batsirai.
A woman stands in front of her door after the damage caused by heavy rains in South Africa.
Museum of the Canals: How Amsterdam Houses Are Built
Museum of the Canals: How Amsterdam Houses Are Built. The Canals Museum in Amsterdam is a museum dedicated to preserving the history and culture of the city’s canals.
Housed in an old warehouse by the canal, the museum features exhibits on the construction and use of the canals, as well as their role in the city’s economy and trade. The museum also has a collection of paintings, drawings and photographs depicting life in the canals.
Museum of the Canals: How Amsterdam Houses Are Built
Located close to the center of the Historic Canal District, the museum offers visitors a chance to learn about the history and engineering of Amsterdam’s canals.
The museum’s collection includes several interactive exhibits that show how the canals were built and used over the centuries. Visitors can also see how the canals are preserved today.
This museum is also liked by those who are interested in architecture or who study architecture. You can examine in detail the magnificent architecture of Amsterdam and how the buildings were built on water.
Some sections of the museum focus on the people who live and work in Amsterdam and how they have shaped the canals over time. This information is supported by projection shows, models and animations, making it more memorable.
How to get to the Canals Museum?
The Canals Museum is located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. To go to the museum, take the tram or bus to Dam Square. From Dam Square, walk west on Rokin street until you reach the Keizersgracht canal. The museum is at Keizersgracht 384 on the south side of the canal.
The Canals Museum in Amsterdam is a must-see for anyone interested in Dutch history or culture. The museum offers a wide variety of exhibits and events designed to educate and entertain visitors. With its convenient location and reasonable entry price, the Canals Museum is an ideal destination for tourists and locals alike.
Location: Herengracht 386, 1016 CJ Amsterdam
Frida Kahlo’s trashed work sold for $8.63 million
The self-portrait of the world-famous Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, which she disliked and trashed, sold for $ 8.63 million at auction.
For Frida Kahlo’s 1933 and disliked “Self-Portrait. His work, which he named “So ugly” (Autorretrato. Muy feo) and then thrown away, was put up for sale by an unnamed person at an auction held at Christie’s auction house in New York on Thursday.
An estimated price of between 7 and 10 million dollars was determined before the sale for Frida’s self-portrait, which she made with the rarely used fresco technique and measuring 22.2 by 27.3 centimeters, and the work was sold for 8.63 million dollars.
It is reported that a friend named Lucienne Bloch found the piece, which Frida threw in the trash, during a visit and secretly bought it and sold it at auction.
Last year, Frida Kahlo’s work “Diego and me” had a buyer for 34.9 million dollars. The painting became the artist’s highest-selling painting to date.
Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant
The vintage porcelain doll collection of a Ukrainian immigrant living in Germany’s Bavaria state enchants those who see it.
Porcelain dolls, which first appeared in France in the 18th century, were used to introduce French fashion to the world. Usually such dolls were given lots of clothes and sent to customers as mini mannequins. Soon after, the production of dolls was placed on an industrial basis and became a plaything for the children of wealthy families.
Today, the main doll productions in Europe are in France, Germany, England and Italy. In recent years, China has been producing porcelain dolls frequently.
The owner of the collection, Antonina, is one of those who had to move to Germany with her grandchildren and wife shortly after Russia’s attack on Ukraine.
Antonina started the collection as a gift from an old German doll that is at least 50 years old. Thereupon, the Ukrainian woman expanded her collection by wandering around flea markets. She overhauled used dolls and made them new she. Apart from this, Antonina added vintage dolls to her collection from the internet and created a large doll collection.