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Who is Baruch Spinoza? – Spinoza and His Philosophy

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Who is Baruch (Benedict de) Spinoza?

Who is Spinoza ? Born in 1632, Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam. He was the son of a family belonging to the Portuguese-Jewish community. He was one of the shining stars of the Talmud Torah school he attended as a child. Having an intellectual personality, Spinoza was able to attract the attention of his community with his talents. The progress he had made in his studies made him a suitable candidate for the rabbinate.Baruch Spinoza was seen as one of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment period. He did not hesitate to put forward his modern views about the universe and people, and this would bring some negativities for him.

His criticisms of the Testament caused him to be excommunicated by his family and the Jewish community. Spinoza was one of those who held the banner of rationalists in the philosophy of his century. It would not be wrong to say that especially Dekart’s ideas were influential on Spinoza .
In 1656 Baruch Spinoza was accused of “terrible acts” and “heinous heresies” for his ideas. All Baruch Spinoza did was put forward his thoughts on philosophy. According to Spinoza, the soul is not immortal. Baruch Spinoza is also known for rejecting the idea of ​​God. His relationship with religion was cut off along with his rationalist and religious-denying thoughts. Even during this period, his books were put on the banned list by the Catholic Church. Baruch Spinoza was accused of being atheist by many people living in the same age. The interesting thing is that he does not deny the existence of God in any of his works. Like many philosophers, perhaps he was the victim of a misunderstanding. Although Baruch Spinoza was seen as an atheist and an enemy of religion, the love of God was suggested as the main source of his works. Above all, Spinoza stood out for his wisdom. ethics It is one of his greatest works.

What is Spinoza’s Philosophy?

Spinoza’s philosophy has the concept of God at its center. Dekart is known to be influential in his thoughts. At the same time, you can clearly see the effects of Pantheism. Cartesian philosophy also follows this situation. The idea of ​​God-Nature is one of the dual concepts that form the basis of his philosophy. In fact, although the concept of God is described as the center of his thoughts, this is actually a whole of opposites. It is used to make existence intelligible rather than religious. This way of thinking, understood as irreligion, made it difficult for Spinoza to be understood.
In fact, it will be necessary to talk about a little practical philosophy. Because What Uses God? The question arises here. When we go down to the essence of the matter, we can see that Spinoza turns to the problem of existence. Spinoza had only one non-target view of nature. However, it enabled him to reveal three basic illusions in man: consciousness, freedom, and theological illusion.

What Is The Spinoza Religion?

Spinoza advocated a monistic understanding of God-Nature. Baruch Spinoza argued that God is nature and Nature is god. So, Pantheism was his belief.

Is Spinoza a Pantheist?

In the light of Spinoza’s views and philosophical thoughts, it is observed that Baruch Spinoza is predominantly a defender of Pantheism. Spinoza can hardly be called a Pantheist.
What is the work translated by Baruch Spinoza into Dutch?
This question, which is one of the controversial issues, finds an answer in Ibn Tufayl’s work Hayy bin Yakzan.

Berry moved to the Netherlands for her art studies. She is living in Amsterdam for 16 years. You can see her in Amsterdam streets with her fancy pink bike. She is a professional photographer and blog journal lover.

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Frida Kahlo’s trashed work sold for $8.63 million

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Frida Kahlos trashed work sold for 8.63 million

The self-portrait of the world-famous Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, which she disliked and trashed, sold for $ 8.63 million at auction.

For Frida Kahlo’s 1933 and disliked “Self-Portrait. His work, which he named “So ugly” (Autorretrato. Muy feo) and then thrown away, was put up for sale by an unnamed person at an auction held at Christie’s auction house in New York on Thursday.

An estimated price of between 7 and 10 million dollars was determined before the sale for Frida’s self-portrait, which she made with the rarely used fresco technique and measuring 22.2 by 27.3 centimeters, and the work was sold for 8.63 million dollars.

It is reported that a friend named Lucienne Bloch found the piece, which Frida threw in the trash, during a visit and secretly bought it and sold it at auction.

Last year, Frida Kahlo’s work “Diego and me” had a buyer for 34.9 million dollars. The painting became the artist’s highest-selling painting to date.

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Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant

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Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant

The vintage porcelain doll collection of a Ukrainian immigrant living in Germany’s Bavaria state enchants those who see it.

Porcelain dolls, which first appeared in France in the 18th century, were used to introduce French fashion to the world. Usually such dolls were given lots of clothes and sent to customers as mini mannequins. Soon after, the production of dolls was placed on an industrial basis and became a plaything for the children of wealthy families.

Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant

Today, the main doll productions in Europe are in France, Germany, England and Italy. In recent years, China has been producing porcelain dolls frequently.

Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant

The owner of the collection, Antonina, is one of those who had to move to Germany with her grandchildren and wife shortly after Russia’s attack on Ukraine.

Porcelain doll collection of Ukrainian immigrant

Antonina started the collection as a gift from an old German doll that is at least 50 years old. Thereupon, the Ukrainian woman expanded her collection by wandering around flea markets. She overhauled used dolls and made them new she. Apart from this, Antonina added vintage dolls to her collection from the internet and created a large doll collection.

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VIDEO: New event from climate activists: They poured flour on the design car

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VIDEO: New event from climate activists: They poured flour on the design car!

Climate activists spilled 8 kilos of flour on a vehicle painted by Andy Warhol in Milan, Italy.

Climate activists threw flour on a car painted by the US artist Andy Warhol in Milan, Italy. 4 activists from the ‘Last Generation’ group saw the colorful 1979 BMW M1 on display at the Fabbrica del Vapore cultural center hosting Warhol’s retrospective. He poured 8 kilos of flour on it. It was seen that the other 2 people in the group were dragged by security guards after sticking their hands on the ground.

“Arts have been targeted to highlight the hypocrisy of our society’s values. Are we seriously outraged when works of art appear to be damaged while remaining indifferent to the actual destruction of nature’s works, ecosystems and our own lives,” the group said in a statement. expressions were used.

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VIDEO: The new target of the activists is Klimt

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VIDEO: The new target of the activists is Klimt: They threw ink

Climate activists in Austria have thrown a black, oily liquid at a famous painting by painter Gustav Klimt. One of the activists then glued himself to the frame of the painting.

Members of the group Last Generation Austria said on Twitter that they had attacked the 1915 painting “Death and Life” in the Leopold Museum in Vienna to protest their government’s use of fossil energy.

After throwing liquid over the painting, which was unharmed because it was behind a glass cover, one activist was pushed away by a museum official, while another glued his hand to the painting’s frame.

The group defended the protest on Twitter, saying they were protesting “oil and gas drilling,” which they described as a “death sentence of society.”

Climate activists and artworks

A Klimt painting has become the latest artwork to be targeted by climate activists in a bid to draw attention to global warming.

In recent months, different activist groups have organized numerous demonstrations in Germany, including throwing mashed potatoes at a Claude Monet painting and blocking streets. The British group Just Stop Oil threw tomato soup at Vincent van Gogh’s painting “Sunflowers” at the National Gallery in London last month.

Just Stop Oil activists glued themselves to the frame of an early copy of Leonardo da Vinci’s painting “The Last Supper” at the Royal Academy of Arts in London and John Constable’s painting “The Hay Wain” at the National Gallery.

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Banksy in Ukraine

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Banksy in Ukraine

The mysterious street painter Banksy appeared this time in Ukraine.

Banksy shared a picture of a gymnast standing on a wall in Kiev’s Borodyanka settlement, which was devastated by the Russian attacks, on Instagram. Other drawings have surfaced in Kiev recently. One shows the little judo boy ousting Russian leader Vladimir Putin, and the other features a drawing of a gymnast doing a ribbon dance. This led to rumors that Banksy was still in Kiev.

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Climate activists in Norway glued themselves to the famous painting ‘The Scream’

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Climate activists in Norway glued themselves to the famous painting 'The Scream'

According to national media reports, the two activists glued themselves to the 1893 painting ‘The Scream’ by the painter Edvard Much. There was no damage to the table.

Norwegian police detained 3 people at the call of the museum. It was stated that the third person filmed the people who had pasted themselves on the painting.

Museum officials stated that they have vacated the hall where the glass-protected painting is located and closed it to the public, and that the hall will open as soon as possible.

A similar incident took place in England on October 14, when two members of the environmentalist group “Just Stop Oil” threw tomato soup at Vincent Van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” painting exhibited at the National Gallery in the capital, London.

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The Nazis stole it 78 years ago: Stradivarius violin found

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The Nazis stole it 78 years ago: Stradivarius violin found

The long-lost Stradivarius violin, stolen by the Nazis during World War II, has been found in France.

The violin, known as the “Lauterbach Stradivarius” after the German violin virtuoso Johann Christoph Lauterbach, who owned the instrument in the 19th century, was stolen from the Warsaw Museum in Poland in 1944.

The violin, which had several owners for nearly 200 years, was given to the Warsaw museum in 1939 when its last pre-World War II owner, Henryk Grohman, died, reportedly owned by the unnamed present-day owner, the Lauterbach Stradivarius.

There are only 650 in the world

Experts examining the instrument confirmed that the violin fits the description of the lost Stradivarius.

The Stradivarius violins produced in the workshop of the Italian Stradivari family in the 17th and 18th centuries, with only 650 pieces remaining in the world, are priceless.

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Video: Climate activists target Warhol’s famous painting this time

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The target of climate activists this time was Andy Warhol’s painting in Australia.

The target of climate activists, who previously targeted the works of artists such as Van Gogh and Goya, this time was American artist Andy Warhol’s painting in Australia.

Environmental and climate activists attacked the Andy Warhol painting in the National Gallery in Canberra, the capital of Australia.

The environmentalist group “Stop Fossil Fuel Subsidies”, which continues to attack the works of famous painters to express their demands on climate, has scribbled on the artist’s work “Campbell’s Soup Cans” with a blue pen.

The canvases on which the American painter, one of the most important representatives of the pop art movement, depicted the soup cans that were released, were not damaged because they were protected by glass.

It is also known that the protesters wanted to stick their hands on the painting.

Climate activists have demanded that the Australian government cut support for the oil, gas and coal industries.

Activist Bonnie Cassen noted that Warhol’s artwork reflects “a culture of consumerism going crazy.”

Cassen said, “Now capitalism is insane. Fossil fuel companies are making record profits as families have to choose between medicine and food for their children. “Still, our government subsidizes the fossil fuel industry at $22,000 a minute,” he said.

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Museum Island in Berlin welcomes millions of tourists every year

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Museum Island in Berlin welcomes millions of tourists every year

Museum Island, one of the most important tourist attractions of Berlin, the capital of Germany, and one of the most important museum complexes in Europe, is visited by millions of tourists every year.

Located in the center of Berlin, between the River Spree and the Spree Canal, the world-famous Museum Island was included in the World Cultural Heritage list by UNESCO in 1999.

The James Simon-Gallery was added to the Museum Island, which consists of the Old Museum (Altes Museum), New Museum (Neues Museum), Old National Gallery, Bode Museum and Pergamon Museum, after the reunification of the two Germanys.

More than 3 million tourists visit the Museum Island in Berlin, one of the most exclusive museum complexes in Europe, every year. The island, which consists of a unique collection of buildings in the heart of Berlin, began to be built during the reign of the Prussian rulers.

With the opening of the site in 1830, historically significant collections and works of art were made public for the first time in Berlin. The bust of Egyptian queen Nefertiti, the wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep 4, dating back 3,000 years, is also on display on the island, which stands out as a “magnificent synthesis” of art.

Described as “the most cultured of the islands” on its travel pages, Museum Island impresses its visitors with its architecture as well as the collections exhibited on an area of ​​one square kilometer.

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Possible photo of Vincent van Gogh found in old family album

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Possible photo of Vincent van Gogh found in old family album

Beneden-Leeuwen resident Andries van Beek believes he found a photograph of Vincent van Gogh in an old family photo album he bought at a flea market in Purmerend.

He also found a photograph of a woman he thought was Wil van Gogh, the youngest sister of the famous painter. Omroep Gelderland “I bought the family album from a flea market in Purmerend. I studied the photos at home and thought: this photo might be by Vincent van Gogh.” The photo was taken by photographer Dirk Jan Le Grand in Breda in 1884.

If true, Van Gogh may be 30 years old in the photo. So far, there is only one known photograph of the painter.

“I’m not sure this is a photograph of Vincent, but it’s possible,” Van Beek told the publisher. “I presented the photo to several art experts in my circle of friends, and they saw a striking resemblance.”

Van Beek emailed the photo to the Van Gogh Museum on Wednesday last week. “In 99.9 percent of such photos, the museum immediately says: This is not him.”
But on Thursday I received an email with the message: “We are investigating.”

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