Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the military last weekend to switch its nuclear deterrents to a special warfare mission, raising concerns that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine could lead to nuclear war.
So, is Vladimir Putin making the decision of nuclear attack in Russia alone? What stages are there in the decision process, which authorities need approval?
Who decides on the launch of Russian nuclear weapons?
In a 2020 document titled “Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence”, it is stated that the Russian President took the decision to use nuclear weapons.
What if Putin decides to use nuclear weapons?
The decision of the Russian President in this direction is forwarded to the General Staff, which has access to the launch codes. At this point, commanders have two options for launching nuclear-tipped missiles.
First, it can send authorization codes directly to weapon commanders, who will then execute launch procedures. A backup plan was also considered in case this option could not be realized. This ‘Plan B’, named ‘Perimetr’, allows the Joint Chiefs of Staff to bypass all emergency command points and launch missiles directly.
Did Putin’s statement increase the likelihood of a nuclear attack?
A day after Putin’s announcement that the country’s nuclear forces should be placed on high alert, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that its nuclear missile forces had been placed in an “advanced” warfare state.
It is not known exactly what the term refers to, as the phrase “advanced” or “special combat mission” is not included in Russia’s nuclear doctrine.
Pavel Podvig, a researcher at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Studies in Geneva, said on Twitter that the order may have activated Russia’s nuclear command and control system and essentially opened channels of communication for any final launch orders.
The researcher’s other theory is that this could mean that the Russians are adding personnel to their nuclear facilities.
Getting married in the Netherlands: All information for your dream wedding in the Netherlands
Getting married in the Netherlands means having a wonderful ceremony on the beach or on a large sailing ship in the middle of the sea. That’s why we want to recommend Holland to you to get married.
We’ll tell you everything you need to have a dream wedding there.
How to get married in the Netherlands
In Holland you can have both a civil and a church wedding. However, only the civil marriage is legally valid. In addition, one of you must be Dutch or have your domicile or habitual residence in the Netherlands. Otherwise it is not possible to get married in Holland.
Where to get married in the Netherlands
Whether it’s romantic in the lighthouse with a view of the sea, on a sailing boat trip on the sea or directly on the beach with your feet in the sand – Holland also offers you wonderful places to get married outside of the registry office, because the registry officials come everywhere.
When is the best time to get married in the Netherlands?
From June to August you have the best weather conditions for your wedding in Holland.
You need these documents for a wedding in the Netherlands
Valid passports or ID cards
International birth certificates (you can get them at the registration office of your place of birth)
Extract from the population register or proof of Dutch nationality
An international marriage certificate (you can get this from the registry office in your municipality)
If divorced: final, certified divorce decree
If widowed: certified death certificate
Foreigners must also regularly present a certificate from the Dutch immigration authorities (vreemdelingendienst) to the police when ordering a riot police, in accordance with the law on the prevention of sham marriages, which has been in force in the Netherlands since the end of 1994.
The application form (M46 form) for this certificate will not be submitted until all the above documents are received. The form does not have to be submitted if the foreign partner in question has a permanent residence permit in the Netherlands, or both partners live abroad for an indefinite period of time, or the foreign partner in question is an EU citizen and is registered in the Netherlands (in the GBA).
Magical Dutch wedding customs
In Holland it is not bad luck if the groom sees his bride before the wedding. Because in the Netherlands it is customary for the groom to personally pick up the bride at home before the wedding and give her the bridal bouquet. Then the two drive together to the church or to the registry office.
At the wedding celebration, a wedding tree, which usually consists of a large branch, is set up next to the bridal couple. In addition, all guests receive a pretty ribbon, pen and piece of paper to write down wishes for the bridal couple and then attach them to the wedding tree. Thus, the tree visually receives leaves consisting of affectionate wishes.
After the wedding, the bridal couple plants lilies of the valley around their house, because the flowers bloom every year and so the love of the bridal couple should bloom again every year.
Wedding Photographer & Videographer In Netherlands
La Win Wedding, a famous wedding photographer in the Netherlands, is very popular with many people. They have a wide portfolio. They serve all over Europe.
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Dutch not thinking of saving despite water scarcity
The Netherlands is facing water shortages, in the official statement of Infrastructure and Water Affairs Minister Mark Harbers on Wednesday.
Despite this statement and the minister’s recommendation to use less water, 48 percent of Dutch residents said they did not plan to use less water. 4000 people participated in the survey conducted by Hart van Nederland.
Dutch Minister of Infrastructure: We are facing water scarcity
According to the Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and Water Management, Mark Harbers, yesterday, the Netherlands is officially facing water shortages. According to the minister’s statement, no extra measures have been taken regarding this issue yet, but if the drought continues, various measures will be taken.
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