Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the military last weekend to switch its nuclear deterrents to a special warfare mission, raising concerns that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine could lead to nuclear war.
So, is Vladimir Putin making the decision of nuclear attack in Russia alone? What stages are there in the decision process, which authorities need approval?
Who decides on the launch of Russian nuclear weapons?
In a 2020 document titled “Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence”, it is stated that the Russian President took the decision to use nuclear weapons.
What if Putin decides to use nuclear weapons?
The decision of the Russian President in this direction is forwarded to the General Staff, which has access to the launch codes. At this point, commanders have two options for launching nuclear-tipped missiles.
First, it can send authorization codes directly to weapon commanders, who will then execute launch procedures. A backup plan was also considered in case this option could not be realized. This ‘Plan B’, named ‘Perimetr’, allows the Joint Chiefs of Staff to bypass all emergency command points and launch missiles directly.
Did Putin’s statement increase the likelihood of a nuclear attack?
A day after Putin’s announcement that the country’s nuclear forces should be placed on high alert, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that its nuclear missile forces had been placed in an “advanced” warfare state.
It is not known exactly what the term refers to, as the phrase “advanced” or “special combat mission” is not included in Russia’s nuclear doctrine.
Pavel Podvig, a researcher at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Studies in Geneva, said on Twitter that the order may have activated Russia’s nuclear command and control system and essentially opened channels of communication for any final launch orders.
The researcher’s other theory is that this could mean that the Russians are adding personnel to their nuclear facilities.
1.2 million euros raised in the Giro 7244 aid campaign in the Netherlands
1.2 million euros were collected in the donation campaign initiated by the Dutch Red Cross for earthquake victims in Turkey and Syria.
1.2 million euros were collected in the Giro 7244 donation campaign launched by the Dutch Red Cross due to the earthquakes of magnitude 7.7 and 7.6, the epicenter of which was Kahramanmaraş.
The balance sheet of the earthquake, which caused thousands of deaths and injuries in Turkey and Syria, is getting worse. After the disaster, it was announced that 1 million 275 thousand euros were collected in a day in the donation campaign opened by the Red Cross for earthquake victims in both countries.
In a statement to the press, the spokesperson of the Red Cross stated that he was pleased with the donations collected in a short time, but stated that they calculated that at least 70 million euros would be required to provide all the emergency aid to the earthquake victims in the region.
The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that 6 of its citizens disappeared in the earthquake zone in Turkey. The Ministry stated that it is seriously concerned about the situation of 6 Dutch citizens, but it is difficult to get precise information due to the situation in the region.
Rode Kruis is involved in the removal of people under the rubble in the earthquake area, first aid and transport of the injured to the hospital. It also provides tents, blankets and food aid.
VIDEO: Miracle image in earthquake debris: Born under the rubble
7.7 and 7.6 magnitude earthquakes, the epicenter of which is Kahramanmaraş, also caused great destruction in Syria, while the hopeful image from the country was reflected in the international press.
While the 7.7 and 7.6 magnitude earthquakes centered in Kahramanmaraş stifled Syria as well as Turkey, an image shared on social media and soon became the subject of international media outlets became hope.
The death toll in Syria rose to 1602 and the number of injured to 3,649. In the earthquake, 812 people lost their lives and 1449 were injured in the government-controlled areas of Aleppo, Latakia, Hama and Tartus. At least 790 people were killed and more than 2,200 were injured in the opposition-controlled areas in northern Syria.
The Syrian press shared with the world the images showing a pregnant woman giving birth under a dent in Afrin. It was stated that the woman who gave birth and her family died, and the baby was saved in a healthy way.
The moments shared by journalist Hoshang Hassan, showing the baby being pulled from the wreckage by a person, went viral on social media.
6-day strike on public transport in the Netherlands
Thousands of people working in public transport on regional lines in the Netherlands went on a 6-day strike.
There will be no bus and train services in these regions until Friday.
This week, thousands of public transport workers in parts of the Netherlands went on strike. It was stated that the strike, which will continue until Friday, has been canceled on the bus and train lines.
In the statement made by the FNV of the Federation of Trade Unions, it was stated that the collective bargaining agreement negotiations had reached a dead end. FNV stated that the unions wanted a 10 percent salary increase for this year and 4 percent for the next year, but employers only offered 8 percent for this year and 3 percent for the next year.
In the FNV statement, it was warned that the strike of the staff of Arriva, Qbuzz and Keolis companies will cause transportation problems mainly in Dordrecht, Achterhoek and Limburg regions.
Among the staff who went on strike were EBS (Zoetermeer, Delft, Westland and Den Haag regions), Arriva (Leiden, Bollenstreek, Alphen aan den Rijn, Dordrecht, Achterhoek, Limburg and Gouda regions), Keolis (Dordrecht, Achterhoek and Limburg regions) and Qbuzz ( Groningen, Drenthe and Utrecht).
In September and October last year, public transport staff went on strike across the country. A four-day nationwide strike was also prepared after that date, but this plan was put on hold as collective bargaining with the VWOV was resumed.
Last month, there was a massive two-day strike across the country. The strike caused about 40 percent of public transport vehicles to stop for two days in different regions.
6 Dutch lost in earthquake in Turkey
Six Dutchmen were reported missing in the earthquake zone in Turkey.
Six Dutchmen were reported missing in the earthquake zone in Turkey, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is not yet known that the Dutch were among those killed and injured in the earthquake.
BuZa is concerned: “We are seriously concerned about their situation and are doing our best to provide clarity for their family and friends as soon as possible. Due to the situation in the region, unfortunately it may take some time for the situation to become clear.”
Amsterdam ‘fietsflat’ bike parking lot closed
The underwater bike park at Amsterdam Centraal marked the end of an era.
,This week, the old fietsflat parking lot at Stationsplein has closed its doors forever and it has been announced that people have until February 24 to pick up their bikes. It has been announced that the old parking lot will be open every day from 7 am to 7 pm for those who will buy their bikes. It was also stated that the bicycles not received by the deadline will be taken to the Bicycle Depot (Fietsdepot) of the municipality.
Fietsflat, meaning “bike flat”, was located to the west of the main station building. This structure was opened in 2001 and was designed as a temporary solution for passengers who use public transport and need a place to park their bikes.
More than 20 years after it opened its doors, on 30 January fietsflat officially closed, taking with it around 2,500 parking spaces for bicycles. This closure was more than compensated by the addition of two new parking spaces to the station. One of the new parking spaces is known to hold 7,000 bikes under Stationsplein (opened on 26 January) and the other at Ijboulevard (opening 14 February) for 4,000.
According to the municipality’s statement, Fietsflat stood out as an iconic building that captures Amsterdam as a bicycle city in a single image and is therefore frequently photographed by tourists. Although cyclists will no longer be able to use this building, the fietsflat will not be demolished any time soon, and the municipality will keep the building in case additional spaces are needed.
15 Buildings Seized in Money Laundering Investigation in the Netherlands
On the morning of Tuesday (January 31st), police arrested three people suspected of involvement in money laundering and drug trafficking, and said they would later be prosecuted.
These three men were arrested at their home in Berkel en Rodenrijs and The Hague. In addition to the arrests, fifteen houses were seized in The Hague, Rotterdam, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Hoogvliet, Nootdorp and Den Bosch.
The value of the confiscated properties is estimated at around 11,000,000 euros. The police launched an investigation into the money laundering crimes of the three suspects who were taken into custody. The suspects are known to be 23, 51 and 52 years old. In addition to the value of the properties, the agents seized a large number of valuables during the investigations carried out inside the properties. The government can join forces with the Public Prosecutor’s Office and the administration to achieve a more effective result against organized crime.
These crimes are carried out as money laundering because the source of illegally obtained money is hidden in criminal activities such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, theft, social and tax fraud. For this reason, money laundering investigations are never considered the end of the case, but the starting point, and in this case, the investigation will continue without slowing down.
Hundreds of Muslims in the Netherlands protested the tearing of the Quran
In the Dutch city of Den Haag, hundreds of Muslims protested the attacks on the Quran by marching.
A large number of Muslims participated in the demonstration called “Stand up against Muslim hatred” organized by the Federation of Islamic Organizations (FIO) and the Union of Islamic Organizations of the Haaglanden District (SIORH).
Protesters gathered in Orange Square in The Hague and marched to Koekamp Square, where the demonstration was held.
Protesters shouted takbir, holding a banner “Stop Muslim hatred. The Qur’an is a manifesto of peace for humanity. Haters should get their hands on it”.
Tahsin Çetinkaya, President of the Turkish-Islamic Culture Foundation, a member of SIORH, who read the press release at the demonstration, said that the hatred of Muslims in the Netherlands had reached a new level.
Stating that it has become normal to hold grudges against Muslims in Dutch society, Çetinkaya said, “Muslims, mosques and other Islamic organizations have been facing various acts of hatred for years.
Noting that the government remained silent on this situation, Çetinkaya said, “We see that the seeds of hatred against Muslims have not stopped yet because of this reprehensible attitude of politicians.
Politicians must now take responsibility for such terrible provocative events and their effects.” Stating that Muslims living in the Netherlands are a part of the country, Çetinkaya said, “Now enough is enough.
Stop holding grudges against Muslims and Islam.” After the speeches, prayers were performed and verses from the Qur’an were read.
No one was allowed to approach Rasmus Paludan, who burned the Quran under police protection in front of the Turkish Embassy in Stockholm on January 21, in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden.
Many Muslim countries, especially Turkey, reacted to the Swedish government’s permission to burn the Qur’an in Paludan. Kerim was on fire.
Edwin Wagensveld, leader of the Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West (PEGIDA) movement in the Netherlands, tore the Quran in The Hague. attacks are protested.
In the Netherlands, the re-implementation of conscription is discussed
CDA leader Wopke Hoekstra has called for 18-year-olds to choose between “military service or social service”, saying it’s time to reintroduce conscription as the Armed Forces in the Netherlands faces a noticeable staff shortage.
Demanding that 200,000 young people join the armed forces or do some social work each year, Hoekstra said, “Security, democracy and a strong society are not free. Sacrifices must be made for these.” he speaks.
World’s first 3d bridge in Amsterdam to be removed soon
The “bridge made with 3D printing technology” at Stoofsteeg in the Red Light District (Rosse Buurt) will be removed soon.
It was said from the beginning that the bridge would be temporary. The original bridge, “Stoofbrug”, was removed in 2019 for renovations and was replaced by a temporary bridge made with 3D printing technology, opened by Queen Máxima in July 2021.
The reason for the immediate removal of the bridge is; the permission of the bridge to expire on 27 November 2022. The news site AT5 wrote that the time extension application was rejected.
Killed and two injured in knife attack in Delft, Netherlands
A 33-year-old woman was stabbed to death on Sunday in Delft.
The other two victims were hospitalized. Police have arrested a suspect and are continuing their investigation.
The incident occurred at around 11:00 am in Frederik van Eedenlaan. The injured are a 57-year-old woman and a 55-year-old man.
Police have yet to say what the cause is. The victim died at the scene. The 31-year-old suspect was arrested by Belgian police after a chase near Antwerp.
Black screens installed at Frederik van Eedenlaan in Delft. Forensic Medicine teams are investigating the crime scene.