Euro-dollar parity saw the lowest level of the last 20 years. The depreciation of the Euro is worrying the European countries, which are struggling with the energy crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. So why is the Euro depreciating especially against the dollar and what kind of consequences could this have for Europe and the USA?
What does Euro-Dollar parity mean?
The parity is briefly defined as the ratio of the currencies of the countries to each other. It is obtained by dividing the currency value by the value of the other currency.
EU and US currencies have been hovering at the same value level in recent days.
A currency’s exchange rate is an indicator of economic prospects. And in this indicator, that of Europe is losing strength. Hopes that the economy will see a recovery in Europe after the worries about the Covid-19 outbreak are over are giving way to recession forecasts.
The main reasons for this are high energy prices and record inflation. Europe is more dependent on Russian oil and gas than the United States to keep the industry alive and generate electricity.
Energy prices pushed Euro zone inflation to a record 8.6 percent in June, making everything from the grocery store to electricity bills more expensive. There are also fears that if Russia cuts gas taps further or shuts them down completely, governments will allocate natural gas to industries such as steel, glassmaking and agriculture.
When the Nord Stream 1 pipeline from Russia to Germany shut down for scheduled maintenance, panic escalated and fears arose that the Kremlin would not initiate deliveries this month. Many people in Germany lined up to buy wood for their fireplaces to be prepared for possible natural gas cuts.
When was the last time the Euro was equal to the dollar?
The Euro had not fallen below $1 since July 15, 2002. In the last week, it has seen a little below 1 dollar from time to time.
The Euro reached an all-time high of $1.18 shortly after its launch on January 1, 1999, but then started a long decline and was leveled at $1 in February 2000.
In October 2000, it reached its lowest level with 82.30 cents. It bounced back above par in 2002 as large trade deficits on Wall Street and accounting scandals put pressure on the dollar.
The dollar remains a safe haven for investors in times of uncertainty.
Why is the Euro falling?
Many analysts attribute the euro’s decline to expectations of rapid rate hikes by the US Federal Reserve (Fed) to combat inflation, which has reached its highest level in the last 40 years (9.1%).
As the Fed raises interest rates, the rates of interest-bearing investments tend to rise as well.
If the Fed raises rates more than the European Central Bank (ECB), investors are more likely to shift their money from euros to dollars due to higher interest rates. In order for this transaction to take place, investors sell Euros and buy dollars, which pulls the Eurodown and the dollar up.
The ECB also announced that it will raise interest rates next week and add another hike in September. But if the economy goes into recession, that could stop the ECB’s rate hikes. Because rising interest rates cause investments in the business world to slow down.
The stronger appearance of the US economy in the last period also means that the Fed may continue to tighten and widen the rate gap.
Who will win?
- American tourists in Europe will face cheaper hotel and restaurant bills.
- But the weak Euro will make European exports more competitive in price in the US.
- The US and EU are the biggest trading partners, so the exchange rate change will be noticed in all areas.
- A stronger US dollar will mean lower prices on imported goods, from cars to computers to toys to medical equipment, which could help moderate inflation.
- American companies that do a lot of business in Europe will see revenue diminish if they bring those earnings back to the US.
- A major concern for the US is that a stronger dollar will make US-made products more expensive in overseas markets, widening the trade deficit and lowering economic output, giving foreign products a price advantage in the US.
- A weaker Euro could also be a headache for the European Central Bank, as it would mean higher prices for imported goods, especially oil priced in dollars.
- The ECB is poised to raise interest rates, the typical cure for inflation, but higher rates could also slow economic growth.
House prices are falling in the Netherlands
The Office for National Statistics (CBS) said on Tuesday that the Dutch housing market continued to decline, shrinking for the third month in a row. CBS said the fall from September to October was 0.5%, with the average price of a house currently €428,000.
Annual housing prices also increased by 7.8%, which is one-third of the increase recorded in January. According to experts, the housing market is under pressure from rising loan interest rates. A year ago, a buyer could take out a 10-year fixed loan at around 1% interest, but that rate has now risen to 4.5%, according to mortgage advisors.
The records of the land registry office also confirm this data. The agency said it recorded nearly 15,000 transactions last month, down 8% from a year ago. In the first 10 months of the year, transactions decreased by 17% compared to the same period of 2021. The Real Estate Agencies Organization (NVM) also said that the number of houses sold in October decreased by 5.8% compared to April and June.
These figures are concrete indications that the Dutch real estate market has started to decline after months of strong growth. CBS statistics record purchases whose sales are reported to the land registry, while NVM figures reflect the number of homes sold by accredited agents.
German companies pass a third of the cost to the customer
The German Economic Research Institute reported that companies in Germany do not fully reflect their increased costs to their customers due to the high energy and raw material prices.
Accordingly, German companies have passed on only 34 percent of their increased production and purchase costs in the last few months to their customers.
The German Economic Research Institute (Ifo) has published the results of the ‘Germany Business Survey’ for the price increases of companies. Accordingly, German companies have passed on only 34 percent of their increased production and purchase costs in the last few months to their customers. Weak demand, high competitive pressure and long-term contract conditions prevented companies from raising prices.
According to the survey of 6,550 companies, German companies plan to transfer 50 percent of the increased costs to their customers until April 2023.
It will increase to 50 percent next year.
“This will likely lead to further inflationary pressure on consumer prices in the coming months,” Ifo researcher Manuel Menkhoff said in his assessment of the subject.
While industrial companies plan to pass on higher purchasing costs for energy and raw materials to their customers with 68 percent, this rate was 66 percent in the construction sector, 53 percent in the retail sector and only 36 percent in the service sector.
Elon Musk lost $170 billion in a year
The wealth of Elon Musk, the richest person in the world, has decreased by $ 170 billion in the last year, and by $ 101 billion since the beginning of the year.
The wealth of the world’s richest person, Elon Musk, has fallen by more than $100 billion since the beginning of the year.
Tesla, SpaceX and Twitter CEO Musk’s fortunes melted with the sharp losses in the stock markets.
The wealth of 51-year-old Musk, which peaked at $ 340 billion in November last year, fell to $ 170 billion with a loss of $ 8.6 billion yesterday.
Thus, Elon Musk’s wealth has decreased by $ 170 billion in the last year, and by $ 101 billion since the beginning of the year.
Despite this decline, Musk remains the richest person in the world.
BEZOS, ARNAULT, AND GATES ARE IN FALL
While Musk will be the biggest loser in 2022, it is followed by Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon.
Bezos’ fortune has dropped to $116 billion, down $76.7 billion since the start of the year.
Bezos, once the richest person in the world, is now in fourth place.
The wealth of Bernard Arnault, the richest person in Europe and France, also fell by $21.5 billion this year to $157 billion. Arnault ranks second on the list of the richest.
Bill Gates, the boss of Microsoft, is also in the 5th place on the richest list with a loss of $ 25.3 billion this year. Gates currently has a net worth of $113 billion.
THE RISE OF THE INDIAN BILLIONARY
In 2022, while famous billionaires suffered great losses, Gautam Adani, the richest name in India, recorded a great rise.
Adani, 60, has a net worth of $130 billion, an increase of $53 billion this year.
In the late 1980s, Adani left the university and started with an agri-trade firm, and most of her fortune has been acquired in the last two years.
According to Bloomberg billionaires index data, Adani’s wealth was $5.8 billion on March 16, 2020.
Known for its coal production and trade and port management, Adani has also made a name for itself with its renewable energy and media investments in recent years.
Budget deficit warning from IMF to France
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has called on France to adjust its fiscal policies to reduce the budget deficit from next year so that public debt does not rise.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has issued a budget deficit warning to France.
Accordingly, the IMF called on France to adjust its fiscal policies to reduce the budget deficit, starting next year, in order not to increase the public debt.
The organization has published a report on the financial situation of France, which has spent billions of dollars to save businesses and households affected by the energy crisis.
In the report, which asks France to review its financial situation and consolidate its economy from the beginning of 2023, France has spent more than 2 percent of GDP in a year due to the freezing of electricity and gas prices, energy checks, discounts on fuel and support provided to companies. he was reminded.
Emphasis on ‘A DIFFICULT TO CARRY’
In the report, it was pointed out that the government’s support to prevent unemployment and business closures by saying “whatever it takes” is a difficult burden to bear on the public budget, which has been greatly deteriorated due to the Kovid-19 outbreak.
“The support for the 2 crises and the epidemic that has diminished in effect requires France to consolidate its 2023 public budget.” The report, called the report, pointed out that Paris instead postponed reducing the budget deficit until 2024.
LEFT GROWTH FORECAST AT 0.75 PERCENT
The report stated that the government expects a 5 percent deficit next year after the 4.9 percent budget deficit this year, and underlined that Paris’s goal is to reduce this deficit to 3 percent only by 2027, contrary to its neighbors acting as early as possible.
In the report, which was noted that the IMF left its 2023 growth forecast at 0.75 percent due to the extension of energy measures and tax cuts applied to companies, it was also cited that a postponement of energy support and tax cuts would significantly reduce the budget deficit.
The report also recommended that the IMF focus on reducing the retirement age, completing unemployment reform, moderate spending, including fossil fuels and housing, and structural reforms in public services.
Fitch expects US and Europe to enter recession
International credit rating agency Fitch Ratings reported that recession is predicted for the US and Euro Zone economies in the coming period.
In the statement made by the credit rating agency Fitch Ratings, it was reported that the US and Euro Zone economies are expected to enter a recession in the coming period due to the decreasing consumer demand in the face of increasing inflation.
In the statement, it was stated that the recession in the Euro Area was expected to start earlier this year than the USA and to be experienced more severely due to the natural gas crisis increasing the volatility in energy prices.
GOVERNMENTS’ FUNDING COSTS WILL INCREASE
In the statement made by the credit rating agency, it was stated that the funding costs of the governments are expected to increase in 2023 due to rising interest rates and global inflation.
China, whose outlook is limited due to the uncertainties regarding the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19) epidemic and the ongoing tension in the real estate sector, is not expected to increase global growth significantly next year. will accompany the costs”.
In the statement, it was stated that 2022 was the second year in which the most downgrades were made in emerging market economies evaluated by the credit rating company.
RISKS INCREASED WITH THE VALUE OF THE DOLLAR
“Geopolitical risks remain high,” Fitch Ratings said in a statement. There is no clear path to reconciliation for Russia and Ukraine, and similarly for China-US relations,” the assessment was included.
Stating that supply chains are affected by the risks related to global conflicts and that possible risks tend to spread, the following statements were also included: “The risks regarding country loans of emerging markets increased with the appreciation of the dollar. In 2023, the focus will be on smaller emerging market economies with higher financing needs compared to foreign exchange reserves.
The budget allocated to floating LNG terminals in Germany will be doubled
Floating LNG terminals in Germany, with a budget of 2.94 billion euros, will cost 6.56 billion euros with additional infrastructure and operating costs.
The German Ministry of Economy and Climate Protection reported that the purchase and maintenance of floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals, which will help secure the country’s energy supply, will cost around twice the projected rate.
According to the statement made by the Ministry, it is calculated that the purchase and maintenance of LNG terminals, for which a budget of 2.94 billion euros was previously allocated, will cost 6.56 billion euros.
The Ministry noted that additional infrastructure and operating costs were effective in the price increase at the said terminals.
‘MORE ADDITIONAL COSTS IDENTIFIED’
In the statement shared by the ministry, it was stated that “More additional costs were determined in extensive consultations with many stakeholders”.
It was also underlined that the reduction and subsequent cut off of gas supplies from Russia made LNG terminals “absolutely necessary”.
Siemens’ profit in the 2022 fiscal year reached 72 billion euros
Siemens increased its turnover to 72 billion Euros in the 2022 fiscal year, with an 8.2 percent increase on a comparative basis, excluding exchange rate differences and portfolio effects.
Siemens announced its growth and profit figures for the 2022 fiscal year. Accordingly, as of September 30, 2022, it reached a profit of more than 10 billion Euros in the Industry Business Area.
The company increased its turnover to 72 billion Euros in the 2022 fiscal year, with an increase of 8.2 percent on a comparative basis, excluding exchange rate differences and portfolio effects.
Orders increased by 17 percent on a comparison basis and reached 89 billion Euros. The Supervisory Board and the Board of Directors have proposed to increase the profit per share offer from 4 euros the previous year to 4.25 euros for this year.
RECORD PROFIT IN THE INDUSTRY
Roland Busch, Chairman and CEO of Siemens AG, stated in his statement on the subject that they have achieved record profit figures in the Industrial Business Area.
“Siemens achieved a record profit of more than 10 billion euros in the Industrial Business Area in fiscal 2022. By successfully implementing our strategy, we achieved a significant market share and achieved high value growth. Strong demand continues for our hardware and software products. This includes the higher-than-expected increase in our digital business turnover.”
GROWTH IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE
Siemens’ projections for the 2023 fiscal year are based on the assumption that geopolitical tensions will not escalate any further and that COVID-19 challenges and supply chain constraints will continue to improve.
Under these conditions, the company’s industrial business segments are expected to continue their profitable growth, especially given the high pending order volume in the short-term business segments.
For the Siemens Group, the company’s comparison-based revenue growth expectation, adjusted for exchange rate differences and portfolio effects, is between 6 and 9 percent, while the order-to-sales ratio expectation is above 1.
Calls on British government to ‘act against labor crisis’
British Industry Confederation Director Tom Danker said that the labor shortage in the country should be resolved through immigration policy.
As of September, the number of unemployed in the country was recorded as 1 million 244 thousand and 3.4 percent.
Tom Danker, Director of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), stated that the labor shortage in the country should be resolved through immigration policy.
Speaking at the CBI annual general meeting in Birmingham, Danker urged British politicians to come up with more practical solutions to the country’s immigration policies.
Danker said in his speech that the British government should enable economic based migration in areas with a shortage of skilled workers.
CBI Director Danker urged business representatives to be honest about the workforce gap in the economy and said, “We don’t have the employees we need, nor our productivity.”
‘THEY ARE DEATHING THEM’
In his speech, Danker said, “First, we lost hundreds of thousands of employees due to the cessation of economic activity during the epidemic. “Those who think they’re going back to work now are deluding themselves, especially when the NHS is under pressure,” he said.
Pointing out that the foundations of the labor shortage in the country go deep, Danker said, “There are no British people who want to work in the current positions. There is a mismatch between the required qualifications and the workforce. “It’s unrealistic to think that automation systems can do most of the work,” he said.
Although British Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt stated last Friday that immigration is extremely important for the country’s economy, he noted that they aim to reduce the annual number of immigrants.
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYMENT INCREASED TO 1.2 MILLION
According to data from the British Office of Budget Responsibility (OBR), the country accepts an average of over 200,000 immigrants per year, while the annual number of immigrants is expected to reach 205,000 by 2026.
As of September this year, the number of unemployed in England was recorded as 1 million 244 thousand and 3.4 percent.
As of October this year, the skilled labor shortage in the country was recorded as 1 million 225 thousand.
How to open a bank account in the Netherlands?
How to open a bank account in the Netherlands? One of the first questions that people who start living in the Netherlands wonder is “How to open a bank account in the Netherlands?” is happening.
In this content, we will answer the question “How to open a bank account in the Netherlands?” We will try to answer the question.
Those considering living in the Netherlands short-term or long-term need a bank account to take care of their basic daily chores or to send and receive money.
How to open a bank account in the Netherlands?
Before opening your bank account, you need to choose which bank suits your needs or policies. You should also consider that most banks charge annual dues for opening an account.
The largest banks in the Netherlands
After choosing your bank, you need to check the details of the accounts offered to see if it suits your needs and requirements.
How to open a Dutch bank account?
To open a private bank account in the Netherlands, it will be sufficient to make an appointment online or go to the nearest bank branch with all the necessary documents.
Documents for a Dutch bank account
To open a bank account in the Netherlands, you will need:
– Your BSN number (Burgerservicenummer)
– A valid form of identification (passport or ID card – usually a driver’s license is not accepted)
– Certificate of residence
– Residence permit if you come from outside the EU
After all the details are processed, you just have to wait until your account is approved and your card is sent to you.
Banking for businesses in the Netherlands
If you have started your own business in the Netherlands and want to open a bank account, the process is basically the same as opening a private account. In addition to the above personal information, you must also have all the necessary details about your business, for example, your KvK number and the registration of your turnover. Most banks have different types of business account facilities depending on your company’s turnover.
Internet banking in the Netherlands
It is becoming more and more common for both Dutch and those new to live in the Netherlands to do financial work online via internet banking. Internet banking in the Netherlands is convenient, secure and allows you to do almost all transactions that you can do in person.
Note that some banks in the Netherlands only offer their Internet services in Dutch. But you can always get a help from the bank teller when you open your account
E.dentifier card readers
You must have an E.dentifier to log into your internet banking. E.dentifier is a card reader that will help you securely log in and complete any actions you want to take. Every Dutch bank has its own card reader. If you request internet banking access when you open a bank account, you will probably be given your own e.dentifier when your account is verified.
In some cases, your bank may also use your mobile number to forward more codes to you to ensure absolute security.
In addition, if you have a smart phone, it is possible to perform many different transactions by using the internet banking program on your phone.
What is iDeal?
iDeal is an online payment method where you can use your debit card instead of your credit card. You use your e.dentifier and pin code to pay for products via iDeal.
Loans in the Netherlands
Loans provided by banks such as ABN AMRO are the most common form of lending in the Netherlands. However, there are a number of credit institutions and you can always use a credit card if the amount you need to borrow is not very large. How much you will receive will depend on several factors such as your age, financial assets, income and residence status.
There are many comparison sites you can use to evaluate your options when it comes to getting a loan in the Netherlands. Alternatively, you can go to your bank and talk to a consultant.
Credit cards in the Netherlands
Credit cards are not widely used in the Netherlands, mainly thanks to the popularity of the online debit card payment system iDeal.
Most major Dutch banks will offer you a credit card such as ABN AMRO as long as you have a minimum monthly net income that can be proven by an employment contract. The required net amounts differ from bank to bank. Depending on your monthly net income and whether you have studied in the Netherlands, cards with different limits may be offered.
Credit card debt repayment in the Netherlands is usually done monthly, via direct debit from your regular account. If you want to defer a payment for longer than that, you may be subject to a much higher interest rate.
It is also possible to purchase a credit card directly from an international supplier such as American Express.
What is SEPA?
SEPA stands for Single Euro Payment Area and entered into force on 1 February 2014.
Tech companies lay off tens of thousands of workers
Technology companies, including Amazon, Meta, Twitter and Netflix, have started laying off their employees in response to increasing economic difficulties.
This year, technology companies laid off 136,539,000 people. The increase in interest rates by the central banks, especially the Fed, curbed the economic growth, while this situation hit the technology companies the most.
High inflation, rising interest rates and falling demand forced tech companies to cut costs as these companies began laying off employees to cut costs.
In 2022, billions of dollars were lost from the market values of technology companies such as Netflix, Amazon and Meta, whose third-quarter financial results fell short of expectations, and these companies found the solution by laying off staff.
136 thousand 539 PEOPLE LAUNCHED
According to the data of Layoffs.fyi, which tracks layoffs digitally, 836 technology companies around the world laid off 136,539 thousand people this year.
According to the data of Crunchbase, a company that provides commercial information about private and public companies, as of mid-November, 67 thousand people were fired in the technology sector in the USA alone.
The layoffs spread to companies working in the field of financial technology, as well as giants such as Microsoft, Amazon, Meta, Netflix, Twitter.
According to the news of the New York Times, which is based on anonymous sources on the subject, with the increasing uncertainty in the global economy, Amazon is preparing to lay off 10 thousand people, which corresponds to 3 percent of the global workforce.
“This makes me sad… We will lose talented Amazonians in the devices and services unit,” said Dave Limp, Amazon’s head of technological devices.
BIG CONTRACT ON TWITTER AND FACEBOOK
Twitter, the social media giant that Elon Musk bought for $44 billion, has also started layoffs. It has been reported that 50 percent of Twitter employees have been laid off.
Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg, owner of Facebook, Whatsapp and Instagram, said in a message he shared with the employees of the company on November 9 that he decided to reduce the workforce by 13 percent and to terminate more than 11 thousand employees. Meta hired more than 15,000 people in the first nine months of this year.
GIANT COMPANIES ARE SHALLING
While Intel, one of the world’s largest microchip manufacturers, is reportedly planning to reduce the number of employees by 20 percent, it was noted that Microsoft laid off nearly 1000 employees. Seagate, one of the largest hard disk drive manufacturers in the market, also laid off about 3,000 people.
Online payments platform Stripe has decided to lay off 1,000 jobs. Mobile ride-hailing app Lyft also announced it would lay off 13 percent of its employees. The number of personnel to be laid off was announced as 683.
The online hotel reservation portal Booking.com also laid off 226 employees.
NETFLIX, SNAPCHAT, COINBASE…
In the USA, companies such as Netflix, Robinhood, Snap, Coinbase have also announced that they will reduce the number of personnel. Netflix said it would cut 450 employees by 23 percent, Snapchat by 20 percent, and Coinbase by 18 percent.
Apple, on the other hand, announced that it has decided to cease hiring in all areas other than research and development.
DISCHARGE OF EUROPEAN HEAVY INDUSTRY GIANTS
On the other hand, layoffs in the technology sector were not limited to Silicon Valley giants. European heavy industry giants also accelerated the layoffs in the face of increasing economic problems.
Wind turbine manufacturer Siemens Gamesa has announced that it plans to cut 2,900 jobs, mostly in Europe, as part of its plan to return to profitability.
German automotive and industry supplier Schaeffler announced that 1,300 more people will be laid off by 2026 during the restructuring process. German consumer goods company Henkel also laid off 2,000 jobs to combat rising costs and low demand.
Netherlands-based technology company Philips announced that it will lay off 4,000 jobs globally.
THE PERIOD OF GROWTH IS ENDING
According to the BBC’s report, Mike Morini of WorkForce Software, which provides digital management tools, stated that this could be a turning point. “The era of growth at all costs in the tech industry is coming to an end,” Morini said.
Paolo Pescatore, technology analyst at PP Foresight, said: “Quarterly earnings have been really disappointing at many big tech companies. No one is exempt from this,” he said.
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